What is Hindi Grammar?Definition of grammar
Grammar is the discipline through which we speak, write and understand the pure language.
These rules of language structure are limited and language expressions are unlimited. One rule governs myriad expressions. The rules under which these rules of language are studied together are called grammar.
In fact grammar compiles and analyzes language rules and fixes these rules. These grammar rules make the language standard and defined. Grammar itself does not make rules of language. The grammatical rules determine grammatical rules by using the form of language that people of a linguistic society use. Hence it can be said that-
Grammar is the scripture by which the pure standard form of the language is determined.
The knowledge that grammar gives us about language has three parts - sound, words and sentences.
In grammar, these three are studied under the following headings -
Types of grammar
(1) characters or letters
(1) Characters or letters: -
That small sound (unit) of the language is called a character whose pieces cannot be broken.
Such as -a, bab, ma, ki, lal, pa etc.
The combination of letters is called a word which has some meaning.
Such as - lotus, Rakesh, food, water, Kanpur etc.
(3) sentence: -
A sentence is formed by mixing many words. These words together make sense of any meaning.
Like - everyone goes around.
Raju watches cinema.
Hindi grammar features
Hindi-grammar, though based on Sanskrit grammar, has some independent features of its own. Hindi has inherited Sanskrit. In this, the contribution of Sanskrit grammar is also no less important. Pt. Kishoridas Vajpayee has written that "Hindi has made its grammar mostly on the basis of Sanskrit grammar - verbs are based on monolithic Sanskrit grammar, but sometimes there is also discrimination." Margadhan has happened where Hindi has taken a simpler route than Sanskrit. ''
Sound and script
Sounds are of both humans and animals. The dog barking and the cat meowing are the sounds emanating from the animal's mouth. Sound is also of inanimate objects; Like - velocity of water, vibration of object etc.
In grammar, only the sounds emanating or pronounced from the mouth of a human being are considered. There are many types of sounds pronounced by humans. One is that which emanates from an adverb of man; Like - the sound of walking.
Secondly, they are the sounds, which are generated by the unwilling actions of man; Such as snoring or yawning. The third are those produced by the natural actions of man; Like - groaning. The fourth are the sounds that a person utters through his mouth at will. We call them speech or voice.
The first three types of sounds are redundant. Voice can be both meaningful and meaningless. The sloppy voice can be used to play the whistle or sing the nonsense. Meaningful speech is called language or style. Through this, we express our desires, perceptions or experiences. Dialects are made up of words and words are made of sounds.
Although there is a similarity in the anatomy of humans, there is a difference in their dialects or languages. Not only this, differences are also found in the local forms of a language. But this difference is not found in the dialects of animals. The language of man originated verbally. The practice of writing languages began long after their creation. This is when man felt a strong desire to preserve his feelings, thoughts and beliefs.
Initially, writing was used with syntactic symbols, and scripts were created after the formation of syllables and soundmarks respectively. The signs kept changing. Current scripts are the final forms of symbols. However, this work is not over yet. For example, in the present tense, some changes are being made in the Hindi script. The Hindi language was written in the Devanagari script. Has its own script.